Past elections have shown that efforts to manipulate votes do not always succeed. The citizenry has thrown out unpopular governments.
Communal violence and caste violence have become the preferred mode of governance of the Indian ruling classes.
A baleful feature of contemporary Indian politics is the subjugation of the mind to partisanship in the narrowest sense.
The Indian version of secularism signified the peaceful co‑ existence of religious communities and a creative interaction between various traditions.
Freedom will come when words such as unity, cooperation, brotherhood, peace will have deeper connotations and won’t just be words attached to strings loosely tied to humanity.
Mob lynching is a social disease whose doctor and the host is society itself. The otherwise common man can be a culprit in lynching if he cannot control his emotions. Sometimes it is his religion, and sometimes it is a rumor about something which incites him.
Iqbal’s Pan Islamism didn’t support hatred towards the Hindus, nor did it aim to promote ill feelings towards the other communities residing in India. However, Iqbal’s love for an Islamic state brought him to a crossroads where he had to choose between a secular nation intertwined with unity and diversity on the one hand and an Islamic state on the other.